Chapter 3

“Imagine a room with light streaming in the windows, shadows dancing on the floors and walls, and a richly textured world of different shapes and sizes of furniture to climb on, over, around, and in — with places to just sit, places to snuggle. It is a room where you can sometimes make wild messes as you discover the mysteries of sensuous substances that often end up on you. It is a room with different places to be, just like your house — places that look, feel, sound, and smell different” (Greenman, 1993).

Dimensions of Infant and Toddler Programs and Curriculum 

Jim Greenman’s Work:

Places for Babies

Community Playthings

Places for Childhood in the 21st Century

Designing a Classroom Environments:

Landscape for Learning: The Impact of Classroom Design on Infants and Toddlers

Quality Environments for Infants

Infant and Toddler Spaces

Environments for Infants and Toddlers

Creative Curriculum for Infants and Toddlers Touring Guide


Classroom Floor Planner

Quality Outdoor Spaces for Young Children

Virtual Lab School:

Infant/Toddler Safe Environments

Infant/Toddler Healthy Environments

Choosing Toys/Materials/Experiences:

Activities that Encourage Independence

Toys that Teach

Tips for Choosing Toys for Toddlers

Planning Environments and Materials That Respond to Young Children’s Lively Minds  

Maximize your Influence to Make Toddler Mornings More Meaningful

Virtual Lab School: Infant/Toddler Learning Environments

Virtual Lab School: Family Childcare Settings

The Social-Emotional Environment:

Using Social Stories to Ease Children’s Transitions

Virtual Lab School: Infant and Toddler Sense of Self

Rocking and Rolling. Reflection: The First Step for Addressing Bias in Infant and Toddler Programs

Helping your Child Develop a Healthy Self Esteem

All About Body Awareness

Infants and Toddlers, Culture, Race and Ethnicity: References for Course Developers

A Guide to Culturally-Sensitive Care

Gender Identity

Gender Identity

Encouraging Healthy Gender Roles In Children

Healthy Gender Development in Young Children

Guidance and Discipline:

Virtual Lab School: Infant/Toddler Guidance

Examples of Guiding Behavior in Early Childhood Education


Discipline Your Toddler Using Redirection

Effective Discipline to Raise Healthy Children

A Toddler’s Need for Boundaries – No Walk in the Park

How to Improve Behavior Problems with Positive Reinforcement

Happiest Baby on the Block: Discipline

Reassuring Routines and Rituals

The Power of Using Everyday Routines to Promote Young Children’s Language and Social Skills

Kaplan Early Learning Company has created the “Kaplan Floorplanner Tool,” which provides sample, interactive floorplans designed to support the ITERS and NAEYC accreditation standards. When you access this website:, you can choose to “look inside” a classroom and view a typical layout, as well as create your own custom floorplan using Kaplan’s designs as starting points.

Additional Readings

Briody, J. & McGarry, K. (2005). Using social stories to ease children’s transitions.  

Beyond the Journal. (September 2005), 1-4. Retrieved from

Community Playthings. (2011, August 12). Infant and toddler spaces: Design for a quality classroom. Retrieved from

Greenman, J. (2005). Places for childhood in the 21st century: A conceptual framework. Beyond the Journal, (May 2005), 1-8. Retrieved from

Greenman, J. (2009). Places for babies. Retrieved from

Lally, J.R. (1995). The impact of child care policies and practices on infant/toddler identity formation. Young Children, (November), 58-67.

Torelli, L. (2002). Enhancing development through classroom design in early head start: Meeting the program performance standards and best practices. Children and Families, Spring (2002).

Torelli, L. & Durrett, C. (2009). Landscape for learning: The impact of classroom design on infants and toddlers.

Parlakian, R., & Lerner, C. (2010). Beyond twinkle twinkle: Using music with infants and toddlers. Young children, (March), 14-19.

WestEd (2007). Environments for group care resource list. The program for infant toddler care. Retrieved from