Chapter 11

Important Note! Figure 11.6 on page 260 is NOT a Toddler Writing Example. It is not the correct picture! Please disregard it and it will be replaced in the 2nd edition of the text.

Language Development

Language and Learning and the Developing Brain

Build Your Child’s Vocabulary

Stories: Their Powerful Role in Early Language and Literacy

Receptive Language

Receptive Language Issues: What You’re Seeing

Expressive Language

Expressive Language Issues: What You’re Seeing

Virtual Lab School: Toddler Communication and Language Development

The Social-Emotional Development of Late-Talking Toddlers

Fact or Fiction? The Top 10 Assumptions about Early Speech and Language Development

How to Tell if Your Child is a Late Talker – And What to do About It

American Speech, Language and Hearing Association


Bridges to Literacy: Early Routines that Promote Later School Success

Helping Your Child Become a Confident Reader and Writer Starting From Birth

Using Social Stories to Ease Children’s Transitions

Tips for Reading to Your Baby

Reading Aloud to Kids Does Matter

Making the Most of Toddler Storytime

Interactive Drawing with Toddlers

Literacy-Rich Environments


Bilingualism in Young Children: Separating Fact from Fiction

The Benefits of Being Bilingual

Additional Readings

Learning to Read and Write: Developmentally Appropriate Practices for Young Children (A joint position statement of the International Reading Association and the National Association for the Education of Young Children):

Im, J., Parlakian, R., & Osborn, C. (2007). Stories: Their powerful role in early language and literacy. Beyond the JournalJanuary 2007, 1-3. Retrieved from

Kovach, B., & Da Ros-Voseles, D. (2011). Communicating with babies. Young ChildrenMarch 2011, 48-50.

Parlakian, R. (2004). Early literacy and very young children. Zero to three25(1), 37-44.

Parlakian, R., Lerner, C., & Im, J. (2008). Getting ready to read: Helping your child become a confident reader and writer starting from birth. Zero to Three, 1-13. Retrieved from

Rosenkoetter, S., & Barton, L. (2002). Bridges to literacy: Early routines that promote later school success. Zero to ThreeFebruary/March, 33-38. Retrieved from

Roskos, K., Christie, J., & Richgels, D. (2003). The essentials of early literacy instruction. Young ChildrenMarch 2003, 52-60.

Zero to Three offers a plethora of resources on the “Early Literacy Language Tips and Tools” page of their website:

Additional Websites

Speech Milestones for Infants and Toddlers – The Mayo Clinic:


Tips for Choosing Books for Infants and Toddlers:

Interactive Drawing with Toddlers:

Supporting Infants and Toddlers’ Language and Literacy Skills:

Infants: Birth-12 months:

Younger Toddlers: 12-24 months:

Older Toddlers: 24-36 months:

 Additional Videos

From the 92Y Wonderplay Conferences ( 

Dr. Lydia Soifer: The Development of Language Skills in Young Children:

Expanding Language: Making Room for Conversation in the Classroom